Location of Sigiriya
Sigiriya is situated in Matale District in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. It is actually inside the cultural triangle, consisting of five among the seven world heritage sites in Sri Lanka.
The Sigiriya rock is a hardened magma plug from an extinct and long-eroded volcano. It stages high above the surrounding plain, visible for miles within all directions. The rock rests on a steep mound that springs up out of the blue from the flat plain adjoining it. The rock itself rises 370 m (1,214 ft) above sea level and is sheer on the sides, in many places overhanging the actual base. It is elliptical within plan and possesses a flat top that slopes gradually across the long axis of the ellipse.
Rock possess within the foot of the Sigiriya rock.
A somewhat man-made shelter with brick walls, simply using a large boulder as the actual roof structure.
The initial proof of mankind habitation at Sigiriya was discovered from the actual Aligala rock shelter to the far east of Sigiriya rock, suggesting how the region was pre occupied nearly five thousand years back throughout the mesolithic time period.
Buddhist monastic settlements had been established within the western and northern slopes of the boulder-strewn hills surrounding the Sigiriya rock, during the third century B.C. A multitude of rock shelters or caves appeared to be formulated during this time period. These kinds of shelters were made beneath huge boulders, together with carved drip ledges around the cave mouths. Rock inscriptions are carved close to the drip ledges on the majority of the shelters, recording the contribution of the shelters to the Buddhist monastic order as residences. These are actually made during the period amongst the third century B.C and the first century A.D.
In 477 A.D, prince Kasyapa seized the actual throne from King Dhatusena, following a coup aided simply by Migara, the king’s nephew along with army commander. Kasyapa, the king’s son by a non-royal consort, usurped the rightful heir, Moggallana, who fled to South India. Dreading an strike from Moggallana, Kasyapa moved the actual capital and his residence from the traditional capital of Anuradhapura up to the more safe Sigiriya. During King Kasyapa’s reign from 477 to 495 A.D, Sigiriya was designed into a complex city and fortress. Most of the elaborately designed constructions on the rock summit and around it, including defensive structures, palaces along with landscapes, go as far back to this period.
Kasyapa had been defeated in 495 A.D by Moggallana, who moved the capital once more to Anuradhapura. Sigiriya was then transformed back into a Buddhist monastery, which lasted until the thirteenth or fourteenth century. Following this period, no records are found on Sigirya up until sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, when it was utilized as an outpost of the Kingdom of Kandy. Once the kingdom ended, it was subsequently all but abandoned once more ,.
In 1831 Major Jonathan Forbes of the 78th Highlanders of the English army while returning on horseback coming from a journey to Pollonnuruwa came across the “bush hidden summit of Sigiriya”. Sigiriya came to the eye of antiquarians and, eventually, archaeologists. Archaeological work at Sigiriya started off on a small scale in the 1890s. H.C.P Bell ended up being the first archaeologist to carry out substantial exploration on Sigiriya. The Cultural Triangle Project, established by the Governing administration of Sri Lanka, focused its interest on Sigiriya in 1982. Archaeological work began on the entire city for the very first time under this development.